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Present tense



가. Basic verb stem: Basic form of all verbs ends in ‘~다’. It also can be used in the dictionary form. We call the main part except ‘~다’ as “Basic Verb Stem” and “Verb Ending”. Usually ‘Verb Stem’ does not change, but ‘Verb Ending’ changes its form  and has many meanings. 이다, 가다, 먹다, 쇼핑하다.....

나. Object particle  : ~을/를 come after a noun and shows the object of the verb in the sentence.

보기(e.g.): 저는 한국 음악을 좋아해요.


다. Directional marker or locative particle ~에(to, toward, at, in, on, to for, per) is attached to place, time and counting unit. In this chapter, ~ 에 is used for indicating the location you are going to.


보기(e.g.):

한국 가요.                              싱가포르 와요.

머라이언이 센토사 있어요.       집 초대해요.

~에서(from,at,in)

한국에서 왔어요. (I am from Korea)

한국에서 한국말을 공부해요. (I study Korean in Korea.)


Present tense: when basic verb stem ends with 아,오 then you need to combine with 아요, 어/우/으/이 with 어요 and with, 해요 respectively. 


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